Note on Brandeis biofile

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The Emma Goldman Papers
Last updated
Jan. 9, 2011, 11:18 a.m. (view history)

We need publication details for his work-and the file needs to be re-arranged chronologically

Entrenched leader of the Progressives by 1912

July 10, 1912: called WW's nomination "among the most encouraging events in American history."

548 - 554, 592, 618, 698, 701, 734,

Initial reaction to outbreak of the European WWI = horror, but he did not oppose entry into the war as did his friend Robert La Follette. In March of 1915, he participated in a symposium before the Economic Club of Boston and told the audience that for there to be a lasting peace, the nations of the world would have to recognize the rise of nationalism among the smaller countries that had made up the A-H Empire. To ensure peace, some sort of international agency would have to be established to serve as a forum where disagreements between countries could be resolved, democracy had to be fostered, tariff barriers removed, and the nations of the world disarmed. This would be at the core of Wilson's 14 Pts. and was part of much of liberal thinking in the US at this time

Wilson turned to Brandeis in making decisions about World War I and the war program, particularly regarding the people who Wilson would name to the various wartime commissions and agencies that were either supportive of -- or at least not opposed to -- Progressive principles. Brandeis suggested names to Wilson and gave his opinion on appointments. 

Like Oliver Wendell Holmes, Brandeis initially  went along in approval of laws clamping down on dissent, but ultimately emerged as champion of free speech

During WWI, the Sup Ct focused on cases that required a quick decision from the government and delayed other matters until after hostilities had ceased

Recognized that fighting a war required centralized authority, and in challenges to the draft and other wartime legislation, he voted w/ the majority of the Court in nearly every instance -- he spoke for the COurt in upholding the Wartime Prohibition Act and the Volstead Act implementing the 18th Amendment

**Burleson: GOvernment took over the telegraph, telephone, radio, and marine cable communications systems, which Wilson had put Burleson in charge of 

Brandeis dissented from the Supreme Court decisions to uphold this government takeover