Cottin, Emile (1896-1936)

French anarchist. In February 1919 he attempted to assassinate French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau. He gave as his reasons Clemenceau's suppression of Russian soldiers fight to return to their homeland following the Russian Revolution, sending them to Africa or forcing them to fight against the Bolsheviks. His declaration, "Why I Shot Clemenceau" was published in the March 1919 issue of Freedom. He was sentenced to death in March 1919, but his sentence was later commuted to ten years in prison following protest by French anarchists. His attempt on Clemenceau led US authorities to believe there was an international conspiracy to assassinate government leaders, and as a result, on 23 February 1919 police raided the home of some Spanish anarchists in New York City, arresting 14 men on charges of conspiring to assassinate  President Wilson. The men were ordered to be deported, though the authorities seemingly had no evidence against them. Seven were released when brought to court on 26 February and the remaining seven were then discharged by the secret service but were immediately ordered to be deported to Spain. They were defended by Harry Weinberger. Cottin latter served in the Durruti Column during the Spanish Civil War where he died in October 1936. 

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