SCAP officers responsible for libraries

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Occupation influences on Librarianship in Japan, 1945-1952
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Responsibility was diffused. See quotation from John M. Nelson below.

The position of Library Officer was established in the Education Division of the Civil Information and Education Section. The first Library Officer was Philip O. Keeney,

The CIE Information Center libraries were administered by staff in the Information Division and specialized library needs were assigned to cognate specialists.

Occupation personnel concerned with “higher education” provided advice regarding university and college libraries.

Personnel concerned with elementary and secondary schools worked with Japanese personnel in improving school libraries.

Government Section, GHQ, SCAP, and CIE cooperated in securing the services of Verner W. Clapp and Charles H. Brown [December, 1947 – February, 1948] at the request of the Japanese Diet to advise the Japanese government regarding the National Diet Library.

The Audio-Visual Officer, Education Division, CIE, was responsible for supervising the establishment and operation of an “Audio-Visual Library” in each prefectural library in Japan.

Adult Education specialist John M. Nelson was concerned with public libraries as they could be utilized to amplify an adult-education program and in the fall of 1949, he became responsible for working with Japanese Ministry of Education officials and representatives of the Japanese Library Association in drafting a Library Law [Law No. 118, 1950].



235n39: "Responsibility for providing advice and assistance to Japanese concerned with libraries was dividied between several Occupation officials. Two men consecutively held the position of Library Officer, Education Division, CIE. Occupation personnel concerned with “higher education” provided advice regarding university and college libraries, and personnel concerned with elementary and secondary schools worked with Japanese personnel in improving school libraries. Government Section, GHQ, SCAP, and CIE cooperated in securing the services of Verner W. Clapp and Charles H. Brown [December, 1947 – February, 1948] at the request of the Japanese Doet to advise the Japanese government regarding the National Diet Library. CIE libraries were supervised by personnel of the Information Division, CIE. The Audio-Visual Officer, Education Division, CIE, was responsible for supervising the establishment and operation of an “Audio-Visual Library” in each prefectural library in Japan. This writer was concerned with public libraries as they could be utilized to amplify an adult-education program. In the fall of 1949, he became responsible for working with Japanese Ministry of Education officials and representatives of the Japanese Library Association in drafting a Library Law [Law No. 118, 1950]."