Liebknecht, Karl Paul August Friedrich, 1871-1919

German socialist and antimilitarist. In 1912, despite that he himself could not vote after being declared "an enemy of the state," he was elected to the Reichstag as a representative for Potsdam-Spandau. In 1913 he revealed that the Krupp armaments manufacturers was bribing the war ministry in order to  create a mood of preparedness for war. In 1914 he founded, with Rosa Luxemburg, Loe Jogiches, Paul Levi, Clara Zetkin, and others to establish an undergroud socialist organization called Spartakusbund (Spartacus League) and published a paper called Spartacus Letters that Liebknecht edited. In 1916 at a May Day Peace demonstration in Berlin he delivered an address promoting peace. Immediately following the speech he was arrested and, following a secret trial in June, was sentenced to four years imprisonment. He was released following the war with others political prisoners in October 1918. In January 1919 he joined with others in a socialist uprising in Berlin, the German army, controlled by the Social Democrat Party, was called in to crush the rebellion. By 13 January 1919 the rebellion had been quashed and its leaders were arrested. Liebknecht was executed along with Rosa Luxemburg on 15 January 1919. His book Militarism was translated, published and distributed by B.W. Huebsch in the United States.
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